How to Measure Indoor Air Pollution

It is important to note that the air inside our houses maybe five times more polluted when compared to the air that is outside. This is key to realize so that awareness can be spread not only on outdoor pollution that has been widely advocated but also in matters concerning indoor air quality and the issues that everyone should be aware of.

Some of the pollutants that affect the quality of air include volatile organic compounds. They are the main contributor to pollution and the common sources include, cleaning agents, disinfectants, and air fresheners.

Indoor Air Pollution word cloud.

Other pollutants are carbon monoxide, which cannot be smelt or seen, and particulate matter that is a mixture of solid and liquid suspensions in the air, for example, dust and pollen. Radon is also amongst the less known air polluters. It is, therefore, necessary to be able to detect and measure indoor air pollution.

Measuring Indoor Air Quality Using a Monitor

This device has been invented with the capabilities of monitoring the quality of indoor air. An indoor air quality monitor is the simplest method to check indoor quality. It is on during the day and night and this device will be able to perform consistent and regular tests. It will then draw up a report on the quality of indoor air telling you how polluted the air is.

There are different types of this device hence the tests that can be carried out may vary. However, most of them are able to test the air for particulate matter, any chemicals that may be harmful, and the level of humidity. Others may also test temperature, carbon monoxide, and formaldehyde levels. The majority of these devices have a display panel that gives the output on values and reports. Some will only show the overall indoor air quality with an indicator light and the detailed readings sent to your phone.

Conducting a Radon Test

Radon is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. This increases the level of precaution one should have against it because of its ability to remain undetected. It has long-term harmful effects, for example, lung cancer. It can enter indoors through floor cracks, walls, and the foundation of the house. Radon gas occurs due to the decomposition of uranium in the soil hence it concentrates on the lowest level of the house. It is detected using short-term radon kits, and long-term radon kits that can be obtained through online retailers.

Test for Mold in the Air

Despite the efficiency of an indoor air quality monitor, the reports on molds cannot be made. Airborne mold spores are air pollutants that can be very harmful to one’s health. It is, therefore, necessary to be able to measure the levels in our homes to determine a way forward and prevent health effects. Molds are present in our homes and this cannot be prevented. The major question, therefore, becomes if the level of airborne mold spores that are indoors is too high to cause harm. The concentration of mold indoors should be compared to the concentration outside and this gives one a proper guide on knowing if they are too high. A test a professional mold removal service then carries out the test that will effectively determine and give suitable advice.

The signs that the levels of mold are high include, a musty odor, allergic symptoms such as a stuffy head, headaches and a runny nose with no clear reason, and possible plumbing leaks.

Carbon Monoxide Alarms

Carbon monoxide possess a large risk to one’s health. If exposed to large amounts for a long period it will most likely result in death. Carbon monoxide is a common gas that can be found indoors and this is because it is a byproduct of the combustion of fuel. The availability of fuel appliances for example gas burning stoves, gas furnaces, and gas dryers increases the chances of having high levels of carbon monoxide indoors.

Carbon monoxide alarms are therefore highly recommended for any individual who may have some of these appliances. They will be able to detect carbon monoxide. A carbon monoxide alarm is preferred over an indoor air quality monitor because they are cheaper to purchase and they have a loud alarm that will be able to you in case of high levels detected. It is recommended to have one within 10-15 feet of each sleeping room and should not be kept in corners.

Pollutants like carbon monoxide, mold, and radon gas can affect indoor air quality. These pollutants pose harmful effects to one’s health. Therefore, necessary means should be taken to test the quality of indoor air. If one establishes through the various measuring methods high levels of pollution, one should not hesitate to look for professional guidance.